Known worldwide and welcoming about 3.5 million visitors each year, the Mont Saint-Michel abbey is a major centre of attraction. As it is exposed to bad weather, it benefits from frequent restoration work. The French Centre for National Monuments (CMN) is currently focusing its efforts on the Merveille building, located just to the north of the abbey’s church, and containing the cloister, refectory, work room and chaplaincy. Together, these structures make up two sets of three-storey buildings, resting on the slope of the rock and extending approximately 90 m in length, 40 m in width and up to 50 m high.
“To prepare for this restoration the CMN asked us to produce a detailed digital rendering of the site so they would have access to a very precise survey, which was not available from the existing plans they had access to,” explained Lazare Grenier, Topography and Survey Engineer at Art Graphique & Patrimoine (AGP). The company, with long experience in using FARO equipment, decided to use scanners for this application. The topography of the site is complex and they needed to work outside of visiting hours. Simply put, a maximum of efficiency was required in a minimum of time. In these conditions, AGP was able to get the most out of the methodology they use in this type of application. This consists in defining all the locations where scanners will be placed in advance of placement to limit the amount of overlapping, and above all to avoid forgetting a hidden area. “This task led us to select almost 700 locations for placing the scanners.”
For the Mont Saint-Michel site, AGP used the FARO Focus 3D X 330 over a period of four weeks in late 2014. Certain parts of the site, notably the exterior walls above the cliff, were not visible from any position on the surface, so the digitisation was done using airborne equipment: to achieve this, AGP relied on traditional photogrammetry, since the onboard scanners did not have a high enough precision. The assembly of the scans is done using SCENE software from FARO.
With many years of experience under his belt using FARO scanners, Lazare Grenier takes stock of lighter and more compact than their predecessors. They are more precise, easier to use and work off batteries. They also have increased their depth of field and are able to record scenes which are much closer, as well as much further away. These scanners also allow for digitising buildings in complete darkness or in full sunlight ensuring total safety for the public in terms of their eyesight. All of this is particularly important in an application such as that of Mont Saint- Michel, where there are many constraints for scanner placement, requiring the scanner to be placed very close to the target in some cases, and farther away in other cases.”
An opportunity for geospatial technology manufacturers and service providers to meet face-face with their users to demonstrate the latest technological advances in equipment, explore solutions and capabilities and to collaborate on design issues and options for future developments and requirements.
FARO will also be in attendance promoting the FARO Focus3D Laser Scanner with accompanying FARO Scene Software. The smallest and lightest laser scanners on the market – FARO Focus3D X Series are ideal tools for indoor and outdoor applications. The fast and accurate laser scanners Focus3D offer everything you might expect from professional 3D laser scanners – with FARO’s established and well-known level of simplicity.
Also being demonstrated will be the groundbreaking FARO Scanner Freestyle3D. The new FARO Freestyle3D is a premium quality, high-precision handheld 3D scanner that can quickly and reliably documents rooms, structures and objects in 3D and create high-definition pointclouds. The highly efficient scanner is suitable for all applications in which installations or properties must be precisely and quickly measured from various perspectives. Thanks to its lightweight carbon fibre body, the FARO Freestyle3D weighs less than a kilogramme, rendering it extremely portable and mobile.
Date:27th-28th May 2015
In Early 2014 ScanLAB Projects accompanied Windfalls Films, Military Historian Steven Zaloga and Colonel Len Fullenkamp, Professor of Military History and Strategy, to the D-Day landing beaches in Normandy, France. The aim was to capture vast stretches of the beach and cliffs at Vierville sur Mer, together with the remains of military bunkers for use in a ground breaking documentary DDAY 360 for PBS. Using the recently launched FARO Focus X330 Laser Scanner ScanLAB were able to capture full colour pointcloud data for almost a mile of the beach, 750 meters of the troops exit route off the beach, a series of bunkers and gun locations in just 3 days on location.
After two years on the drawing board, D-Day was the most meticulously planned operation in military history, a logistical effort on a scale never seen before or since. On June 6, 1944, 3,000 planes dropped 23,000 airborne troops behind German lines, and 7,000 ships delivered around 20,000 military vehicles and 130,000 allied soldiers, who stormed five heavily defended French beaches in an all-or-nothing assault on Nazi occupied Europe. Once on the shore, the troops had to negotiate two million mines buried in the sand, 46,000 fearsome beach obstacles and hundreds of miles of barbed wire, while dodging the shells and bullets fired by 40,000 German defenders.
Focusing on the most important strip of Omaha beach that day – the exit at Vierville-sur-Mer – D-Day 360 strips D-Day back to its raw data to reveal how the odds of victory, in the greatest gamble of World War II, swung on what happened over a five-hour period on a five mile stretch of French coastline.
Data gathered through laser scanning, 3D computer modelling and eye-witness accounts bring the battlefield to life as never before. The film takes advantage LIDAR to re-create the landscape and allow viewers to switch effortlessly between the macro and the micro – pulling back for the big picture and zooming in to a close-up of a single soldier on the battlefield. It’s a new approach and perspective that tells the story with details never before available.
South Carolina ETV and the University of South Florida’s Alliance for Integrated Spatial Technologies are working collaboratively with the Ninety Six National Historic site to produce a public documentary highlighting the technology and the story of the Kosciusko tunnel located at the park.
This project is a partnership between the mentioned entities and throws light on a lesser known part of the Revolutionary War History. The Kosciuzsko (pronounced KOS CHoos’CO) tunnel which is located leading up to Star Fort, is a tunnel that was dug by patriots in an effort to dislodge the British from their stronghold at Ninety Six.
The Alliance for Integrated Spatial Technologies was contracted to map the tunnel and surrounding area, whereby they used one our very own, the FARO Focus3D Laser Scanner to get the job done! The finished product will be used to find the best way to preserve the tunnel AND at the same time make it accessible through 3D mapping and imaging for preservation and educational purposes. ETV Upstate is working with AIST and the Ninety Six National Historic Site to help with the educational part of this project.
The overall project includes a thirty minute program, a short documentation video of the Tunnel laser mapping process, and other products derived from video content collected in support of the full program.
The Dancing Faun was discovered on October 26, 1830 in the ruins of the most opulent Roman home discovered at Pompeii: the House of the Faun, as it later became known, which was also home to the Alexander Mosaic. The Faun is thought to be either a 2nd-century Greek original, or a very high-quality Roman copy.
With help from the FARO Edge ScanArm HD, Cosmo Wenman were able to scan a 18th-centruy plaster cast of the Faun at the Skulpturhalle Basel museum. The scan did however require some digital resculpting to restore loss of detail in the plaster and to restore two broken fingers on his left hand. With this Cosmo Wenman plan to use the 3D scanned data to cast a 1:1 copy in bronze, the first of its kind.
Ideal for capturing highly accurate and detailed historical artifacts, the FARO Edge Scan Arm can enable the reverse engineering or even aid in the restoration of artefacts just like that of the Dancing Faun. However the products versatility means that, no matter what you are up against, be it a need to perform 3D inspections, CAD-to-part analysis or alignments – FARO’s portable CMMs are the industry standard in Metrology.
The Sessa Aurunca Cathedral is therefore a building of superb beauty dating back almost one thousand years, with an absolutely unique feature: it is “the other original”, an almost exact copy of the church at Montecassino which, as is well known, was destroyed by bombing during World War II and subsequently rebuilt. The two buildings differ only in the number of naves: Montecassino has five, while Sessa Aurunca has three. The Sessa Aurunca Cathedral is one of the infinite “pearls” of Italian artistic heritage. Indeed, it stands out for its beauty and historical significance: despite the changes made over the centuries (Baroque and eighteenth-century additions), the cathedral still bears direct witness to the typical religious architecture of the period, combining structural rigour, Christian symbolism and a number of refined Byzantine-style elements (such as the splendid mosaic floor).
Despite its obvious significance, the Sessa Aurunca Cathedral is not well-known among the general public and is overlooked by “traditional” tourist flows. For this reason, the diocese and the municipality of Sessa Aurunca in the Campania region of Italy decided to launch the “Sessa Aurunca 3D Project”, a communications project designed to promote the Cathedral and provide the associated services and products.
The “Sessa Aurunca 3D Project” has several goals and is broken down into seven specific points that will explore new frontiers within the world of communications: the publication of academic and scientific reports and articles; the organisation of conventions, seminars and events; the production of stereoscopic 3D animations and videos, with the creation of a You- Tube channel and dedicated videos; the creation of a “360-degree Virtual Tour” with a database and “multidata” to “explore” the Cathedral using computers and mobile devices; the creation of thematic apps and a website; and the production of a “docu-film” about the project and the technologies used. Regarding this last aspect, Danilo Prosperi observed: “Part of the success of this initiative can be attributed to the FARO Focus3D Laser Scanner, an extremely precise device that we used to scan the Cathedral’s architecture, which provided us with a point cloud or, more precisely, digital data that we were able to use in our various activities.” The data acquisition phase involved 38 scans made inside and outside the church, including the crypt, and took just over half a day. “The quality of the FARO Focus3D Laser Scanner enabled us to acquire extremely high-resolution and high-precision images with very low margins of error, which was fundamental for the scanning of extremely beautiful details, such as the mosaic floor, the ambo, the spiral Paschal candelabrum and the crypt on the lower level.”
The data gathered was then processed in SCENE, the FARO software for the management of scanned data, designed specifically for the Focus3D. This software was used to create and edit videos and images for the 3D Virtual Tours of the Cathedral. “SCENE,” Danilo Prosperi specified, “allows us to easily process the scanned data and quickly generate particularly complex high-resolution equirectangular panoramic images”. Danilo Prosperi stressed: “We believe that the FARO Focus3D Laser Scanner is the best technology on the market, not only due to its extreme precision, but also because it is so flexible, fast and easy to use. In fact, it is a compact instrument that is very lightweight and easy to move from one scanning position to another.” He concluded: “The collaboration between FARO and the Master’s in Architecture, Sacred Art and Liturgy at the European University of Rome has only just begun. Given the quality of the results, we plan to use the FARO Focus3D Laser Scanner in the future for other projects aimed at promoting highly important monumental sites of great beauty.”
Work has begun at the Jersey Museum in St Helier, Jersey to separate 70,000 Celtic coins which were discovered in 2012 by two metal detectorists Richard Miles and Reg Mead.
Valued at between £7million and £14million, the hoard is the world’s largest Celtic coin discovery. Thought to have been buried by a tribe fleeing from Julius Caesar’s army around 50BC, the collection of coins is now being worked on in public view at the Jersey Museum. For the past two years the heritage team have been carefully documenting the coin hoard in preparation for seperating the coins bit-by-bit.
But where does FARO come in?
Archaeologists have been using a FARO Edge ScanArm to scan the coins, in order to create 3D imagery and identify patterns in the coins from thousands of years ago! This means that the surface of the coin collection can be scanned before and during work for documentation purposes.
Due to the importance of this work, the Archaeologists at Jersey Museum must carefully pull the hoard apart one coin at a time. This makes the task extremely difficult and the FARO ScanArm will prove essential in aiding Jersey Heritage in the documentation of the 2,000 or so year old find.
For the full BBC article click here!
Our morning at the Abbey was full of exciting stuff with 3 power speeches in the Florianstadl featuring industry experts on:
• Large 3D Scan Documentation in Retail
• Laser Scanning Gomantong Cave: creation of the world’s most complex photorealistic cave model
• An Airbus experience: 3D modelling in part environment
The 4th edition of the annual 3D Documentation User Meeting 2014 will take place 3-4 April at the beautiful Andechs Monastery in Germany.
It is the ideal event for professionals, who are interested in the application of 3D Documentation to improve productivity and save costs, in the following areas:
– Structural engineering
– Cultural Heritage
– Forestry and agriculture
– Mining and tunnel construction
– Processes and Manufacturing Industries
– Quality control
– Crime scenes, accident and danger zones documentation
3D Documentation is suitable for a wide range of applications: for quick and reliable recording of existing structures or damaged buildings, for surveying and archiving monuments, at archaeological excavations, in plant construction and in forensic reconstruction and much more.
Following the successful concept of the previous years, the 3D Documentation User Meeting 2014 for laser scanning and 3D Documentation will have a strong focus on:
NETWORKING – During the event there will be plenty of opportunities for the participants to establish networks, e.g. with special activities during the breaks.
LEARNING SESSIONS – Participants can expect to also find comprehensive presentations on the latest hardware and software solutions from FARO and its development partners.
POWER SPEECHES – Keynotes by renowned professionals and power speeches by industry experts deliver a real insight into the changing world of 3D documentation using the latest technologies.
WORKSHOPS – The meeting offers a strong focus on hands-on workshops to facilitate the exchange of ideas and information between users and interested parties of the various systems and technologies.
3D EXHIBITION – Get to meet FARO’s 3rd party partners, who will showcase their latest 3D Documentation products on a specific exhibition area.
Take the chance to get new impressions and make new contacts. Please register here.
Museum visitors in Stockholm will soon be able to explore a real Egyptian mummy in a virtual autopsy that combines three scanning technologies for a ground-breaking new level of realism.
Since archaeologists first dared to enter the pyramids, the public has been fascinated by the exploration of relics from ancient Egypt. Now visitors to the Museum of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Antiquities – Medelhavsmuseet in Stockholm will be able to virtually peel away the layers and actually look inside real mummies that have been carefully guarded for more than 4’000 years.
The experience will be powered by Inside Explorer, a tool developed by Interactive Institute Swedish ICT. Thomas Rydell, Studio Director at Interactive Institute, heads the team of visualisation and interaction software specialists behind the project. He says “The ‘Inside Explorer’ system is already in use in a number of museums, but the textural detail of the mummy exhibit due to open in early 2014 is unprecedented.”
The mummy was taken to a hospital for a Computer Tomography (CT) scan, which provided volumetric information of the inside of the mummy. But CT scans do not provide sufficient surface detail. This is where FARO stepped in to help.
A FARO Edge ScanArm was used for the 3-day mummy scanning session, which was conducted by members of the Interactive Institute team and Autodesk: “We are software engineers and not measuring experts but we were able to use the FARO hardware almost immediately,” says Rydell. “FARO came in to help us get started and to check a few things that we might have otherwise missed.” The members of the team were swapping roles all the time and taking photogrammetric images, “so the ease of use and mobility of the FARO device was a huge enabler,” explains Rydell.
Now, with the mummies safely locked away to protect them from UV or physical damage, post processing is underway. Autodesk reality computing software is being used to create detailed textured meshes from the regular 2D photos and the cloud-point data.
The volumetric data from CT scanning and the textured mesh data from the surface scanning will then be combined in Inside Explorer, Interactive Institute’s own real time rendering software, creating an accurate digital representation of the mummy. Museum researchers or visitors will then be able to use simple gestures to explore the mummy as a whole, zoom in to see fine detail or go below the surface. “Thanks to the 3D scans of the surface, we have the possibility to get enough surface resolution to establish a powerful and realistic first impression,” says Rydell.
Users can also remove the sarcophagus, peel away the layers and explore the inside of the exhibit.