Museum visitors in Stockholm will soon be able to explore a real Egyptian mummy in a virtual autopsy that combines three scanning technologies for a ground-breaking new level of realism.
Since archaeologists first dared to enter the pyramids, the public has been fascinated by the exploration of relics from ancient Egypt. Now visitors to the Museum of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Antiquities – Medelhavsmuseet in Stockholm will be able to virtually peel away the layers and actually look inside real mummies that have been carefully guarded for more than 4’000 years.
The experience will be powered by Inside Explorer, a tool developed by Interactive Institute Swedish ICT. Thomas Rydell, Studio Director at Interactive Institute, heads the team of visualisation and interaction software specialists behind the project. He says “The ‘Inside Explorer’ system is already in use in a number of museums, but the textural detail of the mummy exhibit due to open in early 2014 is unprecedented.”
The mummy was taken to a hospital for a Computer Tomography (CT) scan, which provided volumetric information of the inside of the mummy. But CT scans do not provide sufficient surface detail. This is where FARO stepped in to help.
A FARO Edge ScanArm was used for the 3-day mummy scanning session, which was conducted by members of the Interactive Institute team and Autodesk: “We are software engineers and not measuring experts but we were able to use the FARO hardware almost immediately,” says Rydell. “FARO came in to help us get started and to check a few things that we might have otherwise missed.” The members of the team were swapping roles all the time and taking photogrammetric images, “so the ease of use and mobility of the FARO device was a huge enabler,” explains Rydell.
Now, with the mummies safely locked away to protect them from UV or physical damage, post processing is underway. Autodesk reality computing software is being used to create detailed textured meshes from the regular 2D photos and the cloud-point data.
The volumetric data from CT scanning and the textured mesh data from the surface scanning will then be combined in Inside Explorer, Interactive Institute’s own real time rendering software, creating an accurate digital representation of the mummy. Museum researchers or visitors will then be able to use simple gestures to explore the mummy as a whole, zoom in to see fine detail or go below the surface. “Thanks to the 3D scans of the surface, we have the possibility to get enough surface resolution to establish a powerful and realistic first impression,” says Rydell.
Users can also remove the sarcophagus, peel away the layers and explore the inside of the exhibit.
This image is part of a digitization project which includes more than 100,000 scans that were collected with the FARO Focus3D laser scanner.
Three months of hard work have enabled Actual Foncier Topographie (AFT), a company specialised in surveying, to scan the Palace of Versailles to create a digital platform for a 3D virtual tour of the prestigious interiors and gardens. It is now possible to take a virtual tour of the Château de Versailles via Google Earth.
AFT was commissioned by Google to scan Versailles and turn its magnificent facades and roofs, luxurious interior and its beautiful gardens and fountains into a 3D model. Virtually cross the Hall of Mirrors or walk through the beautiful gardens. It’s really remarkable.
Here’s a YouTube video to give you an idea…
Capristo, specialist in exhaust systems, demonstrates how to customise carbon production for automotive parts.
In this video Capristo and FARO experts show the entire manufacturing process of an engine bay hood for the Ferrari 458 Spider.
It starts with creating a 3D picture using a 3D laser scanner which forms the basis for the development of the prototype. The scanned data are then prepared, cleaned and exported in such a way that these can be further processed using CAD-Software. Have a look what happens next…
Stuttgart’s students stunned the scene with their simple kit for a 3D mobile mapping system. Ann-Kathrin Kinscher, an intern at FARO Europe, tells the story…
Mobile laser scanning is an essential part of today’s 3D documentation technologies. It is already widely used in generating 3D city models, as well as in registrering roadway damage and in the CGI (Computer Generated Imagery) sector. Through interaction of an inertial measurement unit, with a GPS system and a laser scanner it is possible to capture a 3D point cloud. New developments in IMU sensor technology (MEMS based) open up new markets which is very promising for the future.
Currently, such systems are still very costly and therefore rarely used by companies as opposed to surveying. Furthermore, cities could become car-free in future, which would mean that mobile mapping systems can no longer be used by car.
As part of my master thesis which was done in cooperation with FARO, Applanix and Tobias Moehlihs, a university colleague, I thought about all these facts and developed a solution: A mobile mapping system which is completely flexible and easy to set up. The principle follows the concept: “Do it yourself”.
At the moment it is still a prototype, which will be further developed, e.g. cameras will be integrated into the system. With the Focus3D laser scanner FARO offers a cost-effective component for such a system, because of its small size and low weight. After testing several inertial measurement units with the Focus on, I decided to use the POS LV220 from Applanix as the IMU. Hereby focusing on overall results and synchronization-options.
This system delivers robust data even in cities with high buildings. Additionally, with the two-antenna system of the POS LV220 the heading is improved by the GAMS solution (GPS Azimuth Measurement Subsystem) developed by Applanix. To adhere to the principle of simplicity I use the trigger signal from the FARO Focus3D to synchronize the components. This means that every time a new mirror rotation of the laser scanner starts, a trigger signal is sent to the IMU, which saves the position and orientation.
By combining a laser scanner, an IMU and a vehicle of your choice you can start setting up your own mobile mapping system, as shown on the photo above. The POS LV220 contains the IMU, two GPS Antennas, the DMI and the processor. The FARO laser scanner Focus3D with the Helical-Kit, a laptop, a battery and a bike trailer finalise the system.
The bike trailer has several advantages; it is a ‘green’ solution and it can access many more locations than a car. I scanned an old church in the pedestrian zone in Stuttgart within a couple of minutes. This would take an hour if you would scan it statistically.
For the transformation of the laserscan data I wrote a program using Matlab. FARO SCENE is used for pointcloud editing and POSPac from Applanix is used for postprocessing the GPS data.
To sum it up you can quickly and easily scan with this self-built compatible system in almost every environment and situation. The software is easy to use. With post processing in POSPac and easy point cloud editing with SCENE you receive precise positions.
Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) is the UK’s largest automotive design, engineering and manufacturing employer and operates from 5 sites in the Midlands and the North of England.
To help satisfy the rapidly growing global demand for its cars, JLR plans to deliver 40 significant product actions over the next five years.
“In addition to using portable measurement systems for the validation of BIW structures, it is also used for measuring panels in both pre-production and production runs. The outstanding levels of accuracy and repeatability that we are able to achieve through our use of FaroArm Platinum and the Laser Line Probe, ensures that we can detect micron deviations from our CAD models, BIW Supervisor, Martyn Smith explains.”
The Togliattikauchuk plant is one of the largest petrochemical complexes of its type and focuses on the production of synthetic rubber for use in anything from car tyres to medical devices and from rubberised fabrics to construction industry products.
To facilitate operational improvements, a 3D scan of the whole plant was commissioned and the 3DLS team took on this challenge. Scanning conditions were close to extreme since the plant production processes produced dangerous temperatures and pressures, escaping steam, harmful chemical emissions, noise and vibrations.
Read here how the 3DLS team achieved their goal.
We came across this fairly new video on YouTube from a user of the FARO Laser Scanner. It shows the result of getting point cloud data from a project to be viewable on the iPad. Not the actual point cloud but the photos that are taken during the laser scan are referred to here.
“I’m waiting for the day where we can get 5GB of point cloud data onto the iPad quickly and easily, so for the moment, this is the only option we have!”
More info @ www.BIMbuilder.com
Relicarte have been working with museums in creating digital output for a varied range of outcomes, since 2006. Since then they have seen that the interest in digital content as a resource across the heritage market has grown exponentially.
Due to the growing business of Relicarte they were looking for a new scanner which would allow to digitize larger subjects with increased accuracy and with less processing time and the search began. Relicarte was introduced to the FARO product range and purchased a Laser ScanArm Quantum with Geomagics package.
Earlier this year Relicarte also decided to buy a FARO Laser Scanner Focus3D as they move towards digitizing heritage sites as part of developing new services for the Museum and heritage industry.
Relicarte has created ‘My-museum’, which delivers a fully interactive platform that provides online visitors with immersive access to cultural media, from fully rendered 3 dimensional arte-facts to film, text, music and beyond.‘My-museum’ is further designed as public engagement tool through which users can communicate with the Museum and their fellow visitors, generating a vibrant cultural conversation.
3D laser scanning is playing a central role in major coastal research and infrastructure projects, all be it in a scaled down environment just outside of land locked Oxford.
HR Wallingford is a consultancy in civil engineering and environmental hydraulics. The company boasts an international track record of achievement in applied coastal research.
Key to this work is their state of the art physical modeling facility in Wallingford. This facility includes six wave basins ranging in plan size from 25 x 32 m to 75 x 32 m and three wave flumes ranging from 45m to 100m in length.
Housed in a purpose built modelling hall, these basins are used to investigate how breakwaters and other coastal structures behave when subjected to both ‘frequent’ i.e. day-to-day wave conditions as well as ‘storm’ conditions including hurricane or cyclonic conditions.
The FARO Focus3D scanner and its cutting-edge technology have helped Indissoluble, a company specialising in multimedia architecture, to devise a successful solution to the digital mapping of the Cloaca Maxima, the sewage system beneath the Roman Forum.
To perform the digital mapping, the company created three-dimensional models of the main underground conduits while demonstrating their relationship with the surface.
The laser scan provided the most precise information that can be obtained about the ruins, thereby adding to the knowledge acquired through studies conducted by the architect Giacomo Boni in the late 19th century.